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Effects of Traditional Chinese Exercise in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: A Systematic Review
Yuan Liao et al.
Published on: 12/3/2020
According to clinical observations, traditional Chinese exercise (TCE) has a potential impact on patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, these findings still lack comprehensive assessment, therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to assess the overall efficacy of TCE for CHF.
Evaluating the Characteristics, Reporting and Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews
Fan Huang et al.
Published on: 12/1/2020
To evaluate systematic reviews (SRs) of acupuncture for low back pain (LBP) in terms of characteristics, reporting and methodological quality using a Veritas plot and to explore factors that may be associated with methodological quality and reporting quality.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Status in Ovarian Cancer Guidelines: A Systematic Review
Jeremy Y. Ng et al.
Published on: 11/30/2020
Given the often-advanced stage of ovarian cancer upon diagnosis, many patients may seek complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), however, when improperly used, such therapies can be detrimental. Healthcare providers rely on clinical practice guidelines to give evidence-based advice. The objective of this study was to identify the quantity and assess the quality of CAM recommendations in ovarian cancer treatment and/or management in clinical practice guidelines.
The Therapeutic Prospects of Naturally Occurring and Synthetic Indole Alkaloids for Depression
Samman Munir et al.
Published on: 11/29/2020
Depression and anxiety are the most common disorders among all age groups. Several antidepressant drugs including benzodiazepine, antidepressant tricyclics, azapirone, noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors, serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors, serotonin, noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors have been used to treat these psychiatric disorders.
Hyperoside Ameliorates the Progression of Osteoarthritis: An In Vitro and In Vivo Study
Kai Sun et al.
Published on: 11/27/2020
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative joint disease. The pathogenesis of OA is closely related to inflammatory responses and apoptosis of chondrocytes. Hyperoside (Hyp), a natural flavonoid compound, exerts multiple bioactivities in various diseases.
The Effects of Hedera Helix on Viral Respiratory Infections in Humans: A Rapid Review
Larisa AJ Barnes et al.
Published on: 11/26/2020
Based on the evidence identified in this rapid review, Hedera helix preparations and herbal complex preparations including H. helix may be a therapeutic option for treating early symptoms of respiratory tract infections. The best effectiveness for H. helix preparations has been proven for coughing, as an expectorant and to reduce the frequency and intensity of cough. Only weak evidence was found for all other researched symptoms. Both adults and children tolerate H. helix well. Currently, there is insufficient evidence to recommend the use of this supplement in the treatment or prevention of COVID-19. However, the current evidence justifies further research to better understand its applicability in coronavirus infections.
Multimodal Chiropractic Care for Migraine: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Pamela M Rist et al.
Published on: 11/23/2020
Spinal manipulation may reduce migraine frequency, but effects of multimodal chiropractic care on migraine frequency have not been evaluated.
Exploring Correlates of Improved Depression Symptoms and Quality of Life Following Tai Chi Exercise
Christina M Luberto et al.
Published on: 11/22/2020
Tai chi exercise has been shown in a prior randomized controlled trial to improve depression symptoms and quality of life (QoL) in patients with heart failure (HF), but correlates of these improvements are not well known. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore whether tai chi is associated with improvements in biopsychosocial and behavioural measures and whether such improvements are correlated with improved depression and QoL.
“Tobacco Is the Chief Medicinal Plant in My Work”: Therapeutic Uses of Tobacco in Peruvian Amazonian
Ilana Berlowitz et al.
Published on: 11/21/2020
Harmful usage of tobacco is a public health problem of global concern and, in many countries, the main risk factor for non-communicable diseases. Yet, in the Peruvian Amazon, the geographical region believed to be tobacco’s historical birthplace, this plant is associated with a strikingly different usage and repute: Tobacco (especially Nicotiana rustica L.) in this area is described as a potent medicinal plant, used topically or via ingestion to treat a variety of health conditions. The goal of this transdisciplinary field study was to investigate clinical applications of the tobacco plant as per Amazonian medicine exemplified in the practice of a reputed Maestro Tabaquero, an Amazonian traditional healer whose medical specialization focuses on tobacco-based treatments.
Interprofessional Education on Complementary and Integrative Medicine
Angelika Homberg et al.
Published on: 11/20/2020
Interprofessional education and complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) strive for patient-centred medical care. Combining both concepts in education seems promising to prepare students for future health care. This article explores the question of what should be considered in undergraduate interprofessional training on complementary and integrative medicine for students of medicine and other health care professions and what benefits can be expected.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Recommendations for Depression: A Systematic Review
Jeremy Y. Ng et al.
Published on: 11/17/2020
Up to 50% of individuals diagnosed with depression are known to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). The aim of this study was to identify the quantity and assess the quality of CAM recommendations in clinical practice guidelines for the treatment and/or management of depression in adults using the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II) instrument.
Protocol of the Development of a Core Outcome Set for Ischemic Stroke in Clinical Trials of Chinese
Qianwen Xie et al.
Published on: 11/14/2020
Ischemic stroke (IS) seriously impacts the quality of life of survivors. Chinese medicine (CM) has been developed for more than 2000 years and plays a key role in the treatment of ischemic stroke. Many Chinese medicine clinical trials have been conducted; however, the heterogeneity of outcome measurements and reporting limits implications of the findings in clinical practice and health policy development. Therefore, it is important to develop a core outcome set (COS) that should be used and reported in trials for ischemic stroke treated by Chinese medicine. This protocol describes the process of developing the IS-CM-COS.
A Multi-Center, Randomized Controlled Trial by the Integrative Management in Japan for Epidemic
Shin Takayama et al.
Published on: 11/13/2020
We aimed to test our hypothesis that additional administration of traditional Japanese (Kampo) medicine, kakkonto (kakkon-to: KT) and shosaikotokakikyosekko (sho-saiko-to-ka-kikyo-sekko: SSKKS), is more effective in relieving symptoms and preventing the onset of severe infection in mild-to-moderate COVID-19 patients compared to those treated only with conventional treatment.
Multivitamins for Acute Respiratory Tract Infections: A Rapid Review
Holger Cramer et al.
Published on: 11/11/2020
Seven human clinical trials with some risk of bias suggest that multivitamins may be a safe and effective intervention to relieve some symptoms of respiratory tract infections, increase micronutrient status and immune function; however, further research is needed. There is currently insufficient evidence to recommend multivitamins as a therapy for the treatment or prevention of COVID-19.
Comprehensive Lifestyle-Modification in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis–A Randomized Controlled Tri
Jost Langhorst et al.
Published on: 11/10/2020
Patients with ulcerative colitis suffer from impaired health-related quality of life (HrQoL). Comprehensive lifestyle-modification might increase HrQoL and decrease disease activity. Ninety-seven patients in clinical remission with impaired HrQoL were randomly assigned to a 10 week comprehensive lifestyle-modification program (LSM; n = 47; 50.28 ± 11.90 years) or control (n = 50; 45.54 ± 12.49 years) that received a single workshop of intense training in naturopathic self-help strategies.
Design Characteristics of Comparative Effectiveness Trials for the Relief of Symptomatic Dyspepsia
Natalie Elliott et al.
Published on: 11/7/2020
Dyspepsia represents a symptom domain rather than a diagnostic condition and covers a wide range of complex, underlying pathophysiologies that are not well understood. The review explores comparative effectiveness interventions for the treatment of symptomatic dyspepsia along a pragmatic-explanatory continuum. The aim is to identify relevant design characteristics applicable to future upper gastrointestinal comparative effectiveness research employing integrative medicine.
Treating Uncomplicated Infections of the Lower Urinary Tract (Urocystitis) from the Point of View
Henrik Szőke et al.
Published on: 11/6/2020
This article describes the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) without anatomical pathology (vesicoureteral reflux, malformations, etc.) from the point of view of integrative Anthroposophic Medicine, for the age of three years and up. This therapy concept is based on clinical experience and an international consensus of experts.
“Making Peace with Our Bodies”: A Qualitative Analysis of Breast Cancer Survivors' Experiences with
Kamila Osypiuk et al.
Published on: 11/5/2020
Breast cancer treatment leaves breast cancer survivors (BCS) with an array of lasting side effects, including persistent postsurgical pain (PPSP). In this study, we explored the perceptions of BCS with PPSP as they learned Qigong mind-body exercise (QMBE), a multimodal practice rooted in Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Topical Costus sp. Preparation as Palliative Care for Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy
Ghazaleh Heydarirad et al.
Published on: 11/3/2020
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common adverse effect of various anticancer regimens with different sensory-motor abnormalities in patients. The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of using Costus sp. oil as a palliative treatment in such patients.
Bee Venom Melittin Protects against Cisplatin-Induced Acute Kidney Injury in Mice via the Regulation
Hyunseong Kim et al.
Published on: 11/2/2020
Inflammation is an essential biological response that eliminates pathogenic bacteria and repairs tissue after injury. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with systemic and intrarenal inflammation as the inflammatory process decreases renal function and promotes progression to advanced chronic kidney disease.
Australian Osteopaths as Non-Medical Prescribers: Comparison of Healthcare Practitioner
Brett Vaughan et al.
Published on: 11/1/2020
The study aimed to compare the characteristics of Australian osteopaths who definitely agree that prescribing scheduled medicines is part of their future scope of practice with those who do not. A secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey of osteopaths from an Australian practice-based research network was undertaken.
Complementary Medicine Product Use in Pregnancy and Lactation
Larisa A.J. Barnes
Published on: 10/31/2020
Use of complementary medicine products (CMPs) e.g. dietary supplements and herbal medicines, in pregnancy and lactation is common. This was investigated using systematic reviews, qualitative research, and quantitative survey research, with a specific focus on women’s information-seeking behaviours, CMPs information sources, and types of information sought.
Efficacy and Safety of High-Dose Xueshuantong Injection (Lyophilised) in Reducing the Incidence
Wenjie Long et al.
Published on: 10/29/2020
Unstable angina (UA), referred to as acute coronary syndrome (ACS), causes unexpected chest pain. Xueshuantong injection (lyophilised) (XST) is a traditional Chinese herbal injection having the potential to treat ACS. However, no clinical trial has been performed in this field. This clinical trial aims to examine the efficacy and safety of XST.
The Safety and Effectiveness of Self-Administered Coffee Enema
Heejung Son et al.
Published on: 10/27/2020
As the self-administration of coffee enema is being used as a mean of self-care for detoxication in various indications, it is important that evidence-based public health information is provided for effective and safe use. However, the evidence is so far rare. This systematic review was conducted to investigate the safety and effectiveness of self-administered coffee enema in a wide range of use, and to provide evidence about its benefits and risks.
An Investigation of the Pharmacological Applications Used for the Ancient Egyptian Systemic Model
Jonny Russell et al.
Published on: 10/25/2020
Ancient Egyptian texts only offer glimpses into their conceptual understandings of the inner-body and illness manifestation. Explanations of how prescribed materia medica were believed to work are rare and obscure, often resulting in modern approximations for ancient terminology such as ‘ra-ib’—an ancient Egyptian classification predominantly translated as ‘stomach’—leading to misunderstandings of historical texts, and therefore their use of pharmacology.
Patient and Medical Oncologists’ Perspectives on Prescribed Lifestyle Intervention—Experiences
Lynda G. Balneaves et al.
Published on: 10/23/2020
This study explored the perspectives and experiences of breast cancer patients and medical oncologists with regards to participation in a lifestyle intervention at a tertiary cancer treatment center. A thematic approach was used to understand the context within which a lifestyle intervention was recommended and experienced, to inform future lifestyle programming and promote uptake.
Efficacy and Safety of Vitamin C in the Management of Acute Respiratory Infection and Disease
Janet Schloss et al.
Published on: 10/22/2020
Current evidence from published systematic reviews indicate that oral intake of vitamin C may assist with symptoms of acute viral respiratory infections (ARI) by reducing fever and chills, relieving chest pain and assist in reducing symptoms of common cold-induced asthma. Intravenous (IV) vitamin C administration may reduce the need for vasopressor support and the duration of mechanical ventilations in critically ill patients in hospital. COVID-19 has similar signs and symptoms of ARI. Further studies involving patients with COVID-19, either through administration of oral vitamin C in mild cases or IV vitamin C in critical cases, would be advantageous to examine if it is safe and efficacious.
Complementary, Integrative, and Nondrug Therapy Use for Pain Among US Military Veterans on Long-term
Elizabeth S. Goldsmith et al.
Published on: 10/21/2020
Long-term opioid therapy for chronic pain arose amid limited availability and awareness of other pain therapies. Although many complementary and integrative health (CIH) and nondrug therapies are effective for chronic pain, little is known about CIH/nondrug therapy use patterns among people prescribed opioid analgesics.
A Review on Medical Plants Advised For Neuralgia from the Perspective of "Canon of Medicine"
Ghazaleh Heydarirad et al.
Published on: 10/19/2020
Pain is the most common reason for physician consultation in all parts of the world. Neuralgia which is the occurrence of pain in the branches of a single nerve is a kind of chronic pain results from different sensory neural diseases. Although a number of drugs are available to treat pain, including non-steroidal, steroidal, and narcotic drugs, such drugs usually have side-effects like gastrointestinal bleeding over prolonged use, or can be addictive. Hence, the purpose of this study was to introduce medical plants and herbs mentioned in Avicenna's Canon for neuralgia.
Comparative Efficacy of Different Exercise Interventions in Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain
Dennis Anheyer et al.
Published on: 10/17/2020
Chronic non-specific low back pain is a major public health problem. Evidence supports the effectiveness of exercise as an intervention. Due to a paucity of direct comparisons of different exercise categories, medical guidelines were unable to make specific recommendations regarding the type of exercise working best in improving chronic low back pain. This network meta-analysis (NMA) of randomised controlled trials aims to investigate the comparative efficacy of different exercise interventions in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain.
Association of Chronic Spinal Pain with Diet Quality
Suzanna Maria Zick et al.
Published on: 10/15/2020
Chronic spinal pain is disabling and has high personal and societal costs. Risk factors include behavioral factors; however, little is known about the role of diet quality and its association with spinal pain. Higher diet quality and consumption of macronutrients that drive higher diet quality were hypothesized to be associated with lower odds of having spinal pain.
Role of Keratinocytes and Immune Cells in the Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Tripterygium wilfordii
Yi Ru et al.
Published on: 10/13/2020
Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. (TwHf) belonging to the Celastraceae family is widely used for psoriasis treatment, especially in topical therapy in Chinese traditional medicine.
Tai Chi Training for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Feasibility Trial in College
Alexander K. Converse et al.
Published on: 10/11/2020
Many young adults are affected by attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and often desire non-pharmacological treatment options. Mind-body techniques might serve as complementary therapies to first-line stimulant medications, but studies are limited. Tai Chi is an increasingly popular practice that integrates movement with cognitive skills relevant to ADHD. We performed a feasibility trial of Tai Chi training in undergraduates to inform the design of a fully powered randomized controlled trial (RCT).
Complementary Medicine Visits by Palliative Care Patients: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Amie Steel et al.
Published on: 10/10/2020
The paucity of empirical research examining complementary medicine (CM) use in palliative care in France compared with other countries results in a gap in scientific knowledge. This study aims to describe the frequency and the cause of palliative care patients consulting with a CM clinician along with the conventional physicians.
Using Facebook to Recruit to a National Online Survey Investigating Complementary Medicine Product
Larisa Ariadne Justine Barnes et al.
Published on: 10/9/2020
Online recruitment can be targeted efficiently to recruit specific samples for survey research. It has been shown to be a cost-effective method of recruitment, and useful for geographically dispersed populations.
Education Competencies for Integrative Oncology—Results of a Systematic Review and an International
Claudia M. Witt et al.
Published on: 10/7/2020
Integrative oncology is a burgeoning field and typically provided by a multiprofessional team. To ensure cancer patients receive effective, appropriate, and safe care, health professionals providing integrative cancer care should have a certain set of competencies. The aim of this project was to define core competencies for different health professions involved in integrative oncology.
Exploring the Dietary Choices of Chinese Women Living With Breast Cancer in Vancouver, Canada
Brenda Ng et al.
Published on: 10/5/2020
To explore how Chinese Canadian patients with breast cancer make dietary choices and to understand their nutritional information needs in order to inform oncology healthcare providers about provision of optimal supportive care for this population.
What Do Medical Specialists Think About a Proposed Academic, Integrative Health Centre in Australia?
Jennifer Hunter et al.
Published on: 10/4/2020
This qualitative study aimed to explore medical specialists’ perspectives on a proposed academic integrative healthcare (IHC) centre to be established in their local district.