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Designing Delivery Models of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Services: A Review
Vincent C H Chung et al.
Published on: 4/13/2021
The World Health Organization advocates integration of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) into the conventional health services delivery system. Integrating quality services in a patient-centred manner faces substantial challenges when T&CM is delivered within a health system dominated by conventional medicine. This review has synthesized international experiences of integration strategies across different contexts.
Are Supplemental Branched-Chain Amino Acids Beneficial During the Oncological Peri-Operative Period
Elise Cogo et al.
Published on: 4/11/2021
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs; leucine, isoleucine, and valine) are essential amino acids involved in immune responses, and may have roles in protein malnutrition and sarcopenia. Furthermore, certain liver diseases have been associated with a decreased Fischer’s ratio (BCAAs to aromatic amino acids; phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan). We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of BCAAs use in patients with cancer undergoing surgery.
Complementary and Integrative Medicine: An Observational Study on Pediatric Clinicians’ Knowledge
Nicole Casbarro et al.
Published on: 4/9/2021
Complementary and Integrative Medicine (CIM) is a group of diverse health care therapies that often serve as adjuncts to conventional medical treatments. Our aim for this study was to evaluate the current knowledge, beliefs and practices of pediatric clinicians regarding CIM.
Adjuvant Melatonin for the Prevention of Recurrence and Mortality Following Lung Cancer Resection
Dugald Seely et al.
Published on: 4/7/2021
Despite curative intent resection in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), recurrence leading to mortality remains too common. Melatonin has shown promise for the treatment of patients with lung cancer; however, its effect following cancer resection has not been studied. We evaluated if melatonin taken after complete resection reduces lung cancer recurrence and mortality, or impacts quality of life (QOL), symptomatology or immune function.
The Use and Benefits of Craniosacral Therapy in Primary Health Care: A Prospective Cohort Study
Heidemarie Haller et al.
Published on: 4/5/2021
Patients frequently use treatments complementary to standard primary care. This prospective cohort-study examined the use, benefits, and safety of Craniosacral Therapy (CST).
The Effect of a Complementary Therapy Education Seminar on Support Persons of Individuals
Nancy Allen Searson et al.
Published on: 4/3/2021
Complementary therapy (CT) use is prevalent among individuals living with cancer, who often consult family and friends (i.e., support persons) in making decisions about CT. This study examines the effect of an education seminar for adult cancer patients and support persons on the support persons' use, knowledge, and decision-making processes related to CT.
Effectiveness and Safety of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Chronic Severe Functional Constipation
Daocheng Zhu et al.
Published on: 4/1/2021
Acupuncture has been widely used clinically to relieve chronic severe constipation. However, the efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic severe constipation is uncertain. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture in the treatment of chronic severe constipation.
The Presence of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Recommendations in Head and Neck Cancer
Jeremy Y. Ng et al.
Published on: 3/31/2021
A high proportion of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), however, healthcare professionals generally have little knowledge about the safety and efficacy of these therapies. The purpose of this study was to determine the quantity and assess the quality of CAM recommendations across clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for the treatment and/or management of HNC.
International Policies and Challenges on the Legalization of Traditional Medicine/Herbal Medicines
Yin Xiong et al.
Published on: 3/29/2021
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has now rapidly spread around the world, causing an outbreak of acute infectious pneumonia. To develop effective and safe therapies for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 has become the major global public health concern.
A Comparison of the Effect of Topical Preparation of Sambucus ebulus L. and Hydrocortisone on Hand
Akram Moradi Farahani et al.
Published on: 3/27/2021
Corticosteroids as the main treatment of hand eczema can cause major side effects. This study compared the effect of topical preparation of Sambucus ebulus L. leaves and hydrocortisone on the severity of hand eczema.
The Effectiveness and Safety of T-MSAT on Inpatients with Acute Low Back Pain Caused by Traffic
Jeong-Hun Han et al.
Published on: 3/25/2021
Presentation of musculoskeletal symptoms, such as pain, discomfort, or disability, caused by a traffic accident (TA) is a common occurrence. However, studies on treatment and management of sudden low back pain (LBP) caused by a TA are very scarce, while studies on the effectiveness of motion style acupuncture therapy (MSAT) used on such patients are also rare. Accordingly, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is planned to assess the effectiveness and safety of MSAT using traction (T-MSAT) for the treatment of pain and functional problems in patients with acute LBP caused by a TA.
Integrative Oncology Education: An Emerging Competency for Oncology Providers
Safiya Karim et al.
Published on: 3/23/2021
A growing number of cancer patients use complementary and alternative therapies during and after conventional cancer treatment. Patients are often reluctant to discuss these therapies with their oncologist, and oncologists may have limited knowledge and confidence on how to advise patients on the appropriate use.
A Systematic Review and Quality Assessment of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Recommendations
Jeremy Y. Ng et al.
Published on: 3/21/2021
Sleep disorders encompass a wide range of conditions which affect the quality and quantity of sleep, with insomnia being a specific type of sleep disorder of focus in this review. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is often utilized for various sleep disorders. Approximately 4.5% of individuals diagnosed with insomnia in the United States have used a CAM therapy to treat their condition. This systematic review identifies the quantity and assesses the quality of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) which contain CAM recommendations for insomnia.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Mentions and Recommendations in Glaucoma Guidelines
Jeremy Y. Ng et al.
Published on: 3/19/2021
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of irreversible vision loss and blindness. The global prevalence of glaucoma is 3.54% of the population aged 40–80 years old. Glaucoma and its associated symptoms are often self-medicated using CAM therapies. This study aims to determine the quantity and quality of CAM recommendations within clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for the treatment and/or management of glaucoma.
Complementary Medicine Students’ Perceptions, Perspectives and Experiences of Learning Technologies
Alastair C. Gray et al.
Published on: 3/18/2021
The education of complementary medicine (CM) practitioners has received little research attention even though CM occupies a significant role in the Australian and US healthcare systems and the CM education sector continues to grow and professionalise. The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions of CM students to learning technologies.
Development and Preliminary Evaluation of the Conventional Medicine Disclosure Index
Erica McIntyre et al.
Published on: 3/15/2021
Non-disclosure of conventional medicine use to complementary medicine health professionals may result in patient harm. Currently, no standardised validated instrument is available to measure reasons for conventional medicine disclosure or non-disclosure.
Effect of Honey–Lemon Spray Versus Benzydamine Hydrochloride Spray on Radiation-Induced Acute Oral
Ahmad Ameri et al.
Published on: 3/13/2021
Oral mucositis (OM) is the most prevalent side effect in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). It causes an obvious decrease in quality of life (QoL) in these patients, so different medications have been recommended for OM, however, without optimal response. This randomized trial aimed to assess the effects of a honey–lemon spray compared with benzydamine hydrochloride in prevention of radiation-induced OM in patients with HNC.
The Quality of Information Available about Ephedra sinica on Online Vendor Websites: The Canadian
Jeremy Y. Ng et al.
Published on: 3/11/2021
Ephedra sinica (ES) is a natural health product used to promote weight loss, enhance athletic performance, and treat common ailments such as the common cold or flu. Due to restrictions within Canada, Canadians interested in purchasing this product turn to online vendors for the ease and discrete nature of online transactions. However, the information available on these websites for consumers looking to purchase the substance is variable. This study investigated the quality of information about ES available to Canadian consumers on the websites of these online vendors.
Quyu Shengji Formula Facilitates Diabetic Wound Healing via Inhibiting the Expression
Yi Lu et al.
Published on: 3/9/2021
Quyu Shengji Formula (QSF), a Chinese medicine formula widely used in the clinic, has proven therapeutic effects on diabetic ulcers. Nevertheless, the potential mechanism of how QSF cures diabetic ulcer remains elusive.
Nursing Procedures for the Prevention and Treatment of Mucositis Induced by Cancer Therapies
Diana Steinmann et al.
Published on: 3/8/2021
Patients with cancer receiving tumor therapy often suffer from oral mucositis.
Tai Chi Training’s Effect on Lower Extremity Muscle Co-Contraction during Single- and Dual-Task Gait
Peter M. Wayne et al.
Published on: 3/7/2021
Tai Chi (TC) mind-body exercise has been shown to reduce falls and improve balance and gait, however, few studies have evaluated the role of lower extremity muscle activation patterns in the observed benefits of TC on mobility.
The Impact of Tai Chi Exercise on Health Care Utilization and Imputed Cost in Residents
Jennifer Perloff et al.
Published on: 3/6/2021
This study was designed to test the impact of Tai Chi (TC) on healthcare utilization and cost in older adults living in low-income senior housing. We hypothesized that TC would improve overall health enough to reduce the use of emergency department (ED) and inpatient services.
The Quality of Online Consumer Health Information at the Intersection of Complementary
Jeremy Y. Ng et al.
Published on: 3/5/2021
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is prevalent among patients living with arthritis. Such patients often seek information online, for the purpose of gaining a second opinion to their healthcare provider or even self-medication. Little is known about the quality of web-based consumer health information at the intersection of CAM and arthritis; thus, investigating the quality of websites containing this information was the purpose of this study.
Efficacy, Safety and Response Predictors of Adjuvant Astragalus for Diabetic Kidney Disease (READY)
Kam Wa Chan et al.
Published on: 3/4/2021
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a prevalent and costly complication of diabetes with limited therapeutic options, being the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease in most developed regions. Recent big data studies showed that add-on Chinese medicine (CM) led to a reduced risk of end-stage kidney disease and mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes. Astragalus, commonly known as huang-qi, is the most prescribed CM or used dietary herb in China for diabetes and DKD. In vivo and in vitro studies showed that astragalus ameliorated podocyte apoptosis, foot process effacement, mesangial expansion, glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis. Nevertheless, the clinical effect of astragalus remains uncharacterised. This pragmatic clinical trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of add-on astragalus in patients with type 2 diabetes, stage 2–3 CKD and macroalbuminuria, and to identify related response predictors.
Chinese Pediatric Tuina on Children with Acute Diarrhea: A Randomized Sham-Controlled Trial
Taoying Lu et al.
Published on: 3/3/2021
Pediatric Tuina has been widely used in children with acute diarrhea in China. However, due to the lack of high-quality clinical evidence, the benefit of Tuina as a therapy is not clear. We aimed to assess the effect of pediatric Tuina compared with sham Tuina as an add-on therapy in addition to usual care for 0–6-year-old children with acute diarrhea.
A Structured Summary of a Study Protocol for a Multi-Center, Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)
Takao Namiki et al.
Published on: 3/2/2021
We aimed to test our hypothesis that traditional Japanese (Kampo) medicine, hochuekkito (Hochu-ekki-to: HET) has a preventive effect for the symptoms on COVID-19.
Perceptions of Chiropractic Care Among Women With Migraine: A Qualitative Substudy Using
Julie P. Connor et al.
Published on: 3/1/2021
The purpose of this study was to characterize expectations, attitudes, and experiences of individuals with migraine who were randomly assigned to receive chiropractic care delivered within a randomized controlled trial in a hospital-based integrative care center.
Long-Term Follow-Up of Spinal Stenosis Inpatients Treated with Integrative Korean Medicine Treatment
Doori Kim et al.
Published on: 2/28/2021
The present prospective observational study aimed to analyze the outcomes of inpatients who received integrative Korean medicine treatment in order to provide evidence on its effects on lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Patients with LSS who received inpatient treatment at four Korean medicine hospitals from January 2015 to December 2018 were followed up.
Testing the Traditional Chinese Medicine Consultation Model for Adherence in Complementary
Amally Ding et al.
Published on: 2/27/2021
The Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Consultation Model for Adherence conceptualises the consultation process specific to patient adherence. It can be used to improve patient persistence with treatment by TCM practitioners and possibly other health professionals. The aim of this research was to determine the applicability of the TCM Consultation Model for Adherence in the wider complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) setting. A survey containing validated questionnaires and items developed specifically to test the model was administered online in the United Kingdom. SPSS 25 was used to perform Spearman’s correlations and Mann–Whitney U tests on the data. In total, 101 patients completed the survey. The results showed that patients having a therapeutic relationship and trusting in their practitioner was associated with overall adherence to CAM, while patients feeling supported was associated with all types of adherence to CAM.
Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy–Child With Youth Who Have a Parent Diagnosed
Kaitlyn Bruns et al.
Published on: 2/25/2021
Youth who have parents with bipolar I disorder appear to be most at risk for developing early-onset bipolar symptoms. The current study examined how one group counseling intervention, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy–child, may improve emotional awareness and influence the family environment over a 12-week treatment interval for a group of youth aged 11–16. Improving emotional awareness and the family environment may help slow symptom expression for youth at risk for developing bipolar I disorder. Changes in depressive symptoms for each participant were assessed using a single-case research design method to help better understand the mechanisms of change throughout treatment. While results indicate changes in emotional awareness, the majority were statistically nonsignificant. Notably, participants’ perception of control significantly changed, and participants reported significant positive changes in family environment.
A Prospective Outcomes Pilot Evaluation of Inspire Now: A Program for People with Lung Cancer
Ellen Conte et al.
Published on: 2/23/2021
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in Canada, yet patients are often under-supported. A six-week program called Inspire Now, created to address unmet supportive care needs, was evaluated in this study. Feasibility and preliminary outcomes were assessed in order to inform future changes to the program.
Evaluating Traditional Chinese Medicine Diagnostic Instruments For Functional Dyspepsia: Systematic
Leonard TF Ho et al.
Published on: 2/22/2021
Pattern diagnosis-guided treatments in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been recognised by the eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Accurate pattern diagnosis requires reliable and valid diagnostic instruments that guide the collection of TCM clinical data without bias. This study synthesised the existing TCM diagnostic instruments for functional dyspepsia (FD) and appraised their quality regarding their development process and measurement properties.
Association of Vitamin D or Calcium Supplementation with Cardiovascular Outcomes and Mortality
Y. Zhang et al.
Published on: 2/19/2021
To exploring the role of vitamin D or calcium supplementation in reducing all-cause mortality and cardiovascular outcomes.
Conventional and Kampo medicine in the treatment of mild to moderate COVID‐19: A multicenter
Shin Takayama et al.
Published on: 2/19/2021
We present the study protocol of a multicenter, retrospective observational study that aims to investigate the efficacy of the actual treatment (the efficacy of conventional and Kampo medicines) of patients with mild to moderate or suspected coronavirus disease (COVID‐19).
Safety and Efficacy of Medicinal Cannabis in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia: A Systematic Review
Inna Kurlyandchik et al.
Published on: 2/17/2021
Fibromyalgia (FMS) is a complex condition that is characterized by various pain syndromes and fatigue, among other symptoms experienced. Current medical treatment of FMS involves both pharmacological and nonpharmacological approaches, but often with ineffective outcomes. Medicinal cannabis has the potential to be a therapeutic option for patients with FMS due to the positive research in chronic pain management. In addition, it has been found to have fewer adverse effects compared with currently available pain medications. This literature review aims at answering whether medicinal cannabis is reported to be safe and effective for the treatment of pain and symptomology experienced by people with FMS.
Protocol for The International Cohort on Lifestyle Determinants of Health Study: A Longitudinal
Ryan Bradley et al.
Published on: 2/15/2021
The specific aims are: 1) To characterize the health, wellness, and lifestyle of graduate and undergraduate students, and how these characteristics change over time; 2) To evaluate associations between lifestyle factors and gut microbiota populations and diversity; and 3) To evaluate associations between stress and stress management practices with sleep habits, quality of life, and overall health.